Global feminism was and is an important social force to offer women equal opportunities.
Western feminism, from an anthropological gaze, however ran into a dualistic trap which seem to have become contra-productive to their ultimate goal.
We, women and men as biological organisms, have been for millions of years ‘systemically’ complementary. Biologists Lynn Margulis and artist Dorion Sagan claim that this complementarity is running off balance in western biology and societies in favor of women (On the Evolution of Human Sexuality 1991).
Pan-african ‘womanism‘ didn’t want to lose her connection with men how troubled these relations already may have become.
The only future we, human women & men, have as biological AND cultural ‘basic unit of reproduction’ is learning to become contextual complementary again.
Margaret Mead’s ‘Male and Female: a study of the sexes in a changing world’ (1949/2001), how outdated some part may be, still offers, to my knowledge, the strongest arguments for thinking ‘complementary female-male worlds’.
Philosopher Luce Irigaray in her ‘Between East and West: From Singularity to Community